Cyanotoxin Standards


Please note that the distribution of cyanotoxin standards is discontinued for the time being

Microcystin-producing cyanobacteria are becoming a global issue in freshwater bodies. These harmful cyanobacteria produce microcystins, which are a group of cyclic peptides known as hepatotoxins. Microcystins can be detrimental to human and animal health by inhibiting protein phosphatases in the liver. They have both high acute and chronic toxicity levels, making it crucial to determine their abundance and identity during phytoplankton blooms.

Phytoplankton blooms are a rapid increase in the population of microscopic algae in water bodies. These blooms occur due to nutrient-rich environments, such as agricultural runoff and wastewater discharge. When cyanobacteria dominate these blooms, they can produce large quantities of microcystins, leading to a phenomenon known as harmful algal blooms (HABs).

HABs can have significant impacts on the environment, economies, and human health. They can cause oxygen depletion, fish kills, and the closure of fisheries and recreational areas. Exposure to microcystins can lead to symptoms such as skin rashes, respiratory irritation, and even liver failure. Therefore, it's critical to monitor and identify the presence of microcystins to protect the health of humans, animals, and the environment.

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